About 12 percent of the people are African American. The History of the Texas Flag Before it was part of the USA, Texas was ruled first by Spain, then by France, and then by Mexico. (2010) 25,145,561; (2019 est.) Texas was an independent nation before becoming part of the United States. Texas History at Home As families are creating new routines and learning how to educate students from home, we are providing free instructive resources about Texas history… He arrived with around 300 families and settled the land with the approval of the Mexican government. The state’s top manufacturing industries are in the field of high technology. Texas is a part of Mexico. El Paso, Texas is closer to the border of California than it is to Dallas, Texas. Tackling Texas History is almost as big a task as tackling American History! Sam Houston was elected its first president. Whites of European heritage represent more than half of the state’s residents. Other valuable farm products include cotton and chickens. Description: This is an awesome resource that allows kids to label and color maps online. Bright Sky Press, 2009. On November 22, 1963, United States President John F. Kennedy was shot to death in Dallas. Many people in the new republic wanted Texas to become part of the United States. The eastern edge of the panhandle and the north-central part of the state are lowland regions of prairie and rolling plains. 1829-1841: Jacksonian Era Texas House of Representatives welcome you to the Kids' House. Mary Kay Ash (1915 -2001) Cosmetics entrepreneur and founder of Mary Kay cosmetics; born in Hot Wells. 1846 to 1848 - The Mexican-American War is fought over the borders between Texas and Mexico. The landscape of Texas consists mainly of plains and hills. Later the Comanche moved into the area. Republic of Mexico. Nine years later on December 29, 1845, Texas was admitted to the Union. New Mexico is to the west, and Oklahoma is to the north. This red, white, and blue flag with a single star was the origin of the Texas nickname, the Lone Star State. It consists of flat, low prairies that stretch far inland from the Gulf of Mexico. Texas was the 28 th state in the USA; it was admitted on December 29, 1845.. State Abbreviation - TX State Capital - Austin Largest City - Houston Area - 268,601 square miles [Texas is the second biggest state in the USA - only Alaska is bigger] Population - 26,448,193 (as of 2013) [Texas is the second most populous state in the USA, after California; New York is the third most populous] Texas joined the Confederacy during the American Civil War (1861–65). After the war Texas cowboys began driving cattle northward to markets or ranges. Texas has been a member of six different nations including Spain, Mexico, France, the Republic of Texas, the Confederate States, and the USA. The Bushes were only the second father and son to both serve as president (the first were John Adams and John Quincy Adams). 1900 - Galveston is hit by a hurricane killing thousands of people. Everything really is bigger in Texas. Oil production and the manufacture of chemical and petroleum (oil) products also contribute to the Texas economy. In agriculture, Texas ranks first in the country in the production of cattle. Get Texas facts, maps, and pictures in this U.S. state profile from National Geographic Kids. State abbreviation/Postal code: Tex./TXNickname: The Lone Star StateOrigin of name: From the Caddoan word for \"ally,\" used to refer to Spanish-allied Hasinai Confederacy and the area they lived in. 1519 - Spanish explorer Alonso Alvarez de Pineda maps the coastline of Texas. PowerKids Press, 2003. In 1835 they revolted, and the next year they declared independence. On September 25, 1829, the first issue of the Texas Gazette was published in San Felipe de Austin. University of Texas Institute of Texan Cultures, 1989. Texas was an independent nation from 1836 to 1845. It symbolized Texas' struggle for independence. About 40 million people visit the state each year. Bright Sky Press, 2009. Rosen Publishing Group, 2003. The state’s oil industry owes much to a place named Spindletop. Motto: “Friendship”Slogan: \"The Friendly State\"State symbols:Bird: Northern mockingbird (1927)Dog: Blue Lacy (2005)Fish: Guadalupe bass (1989)Flying mammal: Mexican free-tailed bat (1995)Insect: Monarch butterfly (1995)Large mammal: Texas LonghornReptile: Texas horne… Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for Texas History for Kids: Lone Star Lives and Legends, with 21 Activities (For Kids series) at Amazon.com. One of the important events during his presidency was the Texas Revolution. TBH Home Another politician from Texas, George Bush, served as the country’s president from 1989 to 1993. ; Steven Fuller Austin (1793 - 1836) Founding father of Texas and namesake of the state's capital. Books shelved as texas-history: Lone Star: A History Of Texas And The Texans by T.R. We’ve been busy, working hard to bring you new features and an updated design. These industries include the production of computers and electronic products. When Texas joined the Union, it kept the right to fly its state flag at the same height as the national flag. His son George W. Bush was elected president in 2000 and reelected in 2004. The Gulf of Mexico lies to the southeast. The state’s fourth largest city, Austin originated as the riverside village of Waterloo, in a buffalo-hunting region occupied by Tonkawa and Comanche peoples. Texas Detailed Online Label-me Map. A new, third level of content, designed specially to meet the advanced needs of the sophisticated scholar. Three of its urban centers—Houston, Dallas, and San Antonio—are ranked among the country’s 10 most populated cities. (Who wants to camp in the mud?) In 1685 the French explorer Sieur de La Salle explored part of the area and tried to establish a settlement. When Mexico declared its independence from Spain in 1821, Texas became part of Mexico. The river called the Rio Grande separates Texas from the country of Mexico on the southwest. In the 1700's, Catholic prists lived atthe mission. Native Americans lived in the Texas region before Europeans arrived. After translating an article, all tools except font up/font down will be disabled. It is a flat, dry area with frequent sandstorms. To re-enable the tools or to convert back to English, click "view original" on the Google Translate toolbar. Tourism is also valuable to the state. Please note: Text within images is not translated, some features may not work properly after translation, and the translation may not accurately convey the intended meaning. ... State History Rater. A huge oil field in eastern Texas was discovered in 1930. Dr Pepper was invented in Waco, Tx. Texas was an independent nation before becoming part of the United States. The page targets grades four and up but, of course, people of all ages can have fun learning about the great state of Texas! The Spanish also began to build settlements and missions in the territory. 1718 - San Antonio is established as a Spanish mission. Texas has more counties (254) than any other state in the U.S. Texas is now second in population only to California. This is a wonderful website where students and teachers can learn about Texas Government in a fun and interactive way. Its national flag then became its state flag. Published until 1832, Texas' first newspaper kept settlers informed of news by providing English translations of Mexican government laws and decrees. Choose a language from the menu above to view a computer-translated version of this page. The Texas economy is among the largest in the country. It is the second-largest state in the United States after Alaska. The Spanish began to explore the Texas region in the early 1500s. Texas Beyond History. See the fact file below for more information about Texas. More than 13,000 years ago, ancient Clovis people built a stone floor in a muddy rock shelter to make it a more comfortable living space. Texas became the 28th state admitted to the Union on December 29, 1845. From 1836 to 1845, Texas was its own nation! 1821 - Mexico gains independence from Spain. 1528 - Cabeza de Vaca is shipwrecked off the coast of Texas. Mexico still considered some of the land in Texas to be its own. This section is intended for those of you who are more advanced in your reading and problem solving skills. At 268,596 square miles, Texas is the second largest state behind only Alaska. The U.S. Congress approved the agreement in 1845. The largest natural region is the coastal plain that covers southern and eastern Texas. Texas Revolution for kids Andrew Jackson was the 7th American President who served in office from March 4, 1829 to March 4, 1837. Located near Beaumont, Spindletop became the state’s first great oil well in 1901. They lost at the Alamo, but they eventually defeated the Mexicans at a battle along the San Jacinto River. **Updated to include Google Slides based digital version. Numerous other wells followed. 4200 Smith School Road, Austin, TX 78744 (512) 389-4800 | (800) 792-1112 | TTY: (512) 389-8915 Operation Game Thief: (800) 792-GAME It had won freedom from Mexico in 1836. Texas is the home of Dell, the computer company. Hispanic Americans, mostly of Mexican origin, make up almost a third of the population. Improved homework resources designed to support a variety of curriculum subjects and standards. By 1793, the mission was a fort known as the Alamo. Jane Long: Choosing Texasby Mary Dodson Wade. Britannica does not review the converted text. This spiral review activity is perfect to sneak a little bit of Texas History into your 4th grade classroom every day of the school year! Texas is the second most populous and the second largest of the 50 U.S. states in the United States of America, and the largest state in the 48 contiguous United States. Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. The same safe and trusted content for explorers of all ages. Possessing only crude spears and flint-pointed darts, these hunters survived primarily on wild game. The name Texas derives from táyshaʼ, a word in the Caddoan language of the Hasinai, which means "friends" or "allies." One ranch in Texas, the King Ranch, is bigger than the entire state of Rhode Island. Early tribes included the Caddo, the Jumano, and others. 1685 - The French establish Fort St. Louis and lay claim to Texas. **This activity is a perfect way to build research ski. The nickname Lone Star State comes from the single star in the Texas flag, which was officially adopted by the Republic of Texas in 1839. However, many people in the United States did not agree with the plan. In the central and west-central parts of the state are raised plateaus and hill country. 28,995,881, By continuing to use this site, you consent to the terms of our cookie policy, which can be found in our. One issue was that Mexico threatened to go to war with the United States if the United States claimed Texas. 1836 - The Battle of the Alamo occurs. Texas became an independent republic in 1836. “Texas” is the Spanish spelling of a Native American word meaning “friends” or “allies.”. Texas History Warm Up for 4th grade Texas History! In 1825, American Stephen F. Austin established a colony in Texas. 1845 - The U.S. Congress admits Texas as the 28th state. 1901 - Oil is discovered and the oil boom begins. Nine years later on December 29, 1845, Texas was admitted to the Union. Austin is the capital. Take a minute to check out all the enhancements! The Texas panhandle is a block of land that extends northward above the rest of the state. 1861 - Texas secedes from the Union and joins the Confederacy. In San Antonio, Texas sits the ruins of an old Spanish mission. Houston: Standing Firmby Mary Dodson Wade. Major business sections within the economy include commercial trade, real estate, and finance. The great cattle drives continued until about 1890. We hope you and your family enjoy the NEW Britannica Kids. The vice president, Texas politician Lyndon B. Johnson, became the country’s next president. Texas History is a HUGE subject. The most rugged, mountainous land in Texas lies in the far west. Image courtesy of the Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin During the late 20th century Texas was one of the fastest-growing states in the country. This dispute led to the Mexican War in 1846. Texas is located in the south-central part of the United States. Accessible across all of today's devices: phones, tablets, and desktops. The name Texas, based on the Caddo word tejas meaning "friends" or "allies", was applied by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves and to the region of their settlement in East Texas. Texas - Texas - History: The ancestors of the West Texas Native Americans lived in camps perhaps as long as 37,000 years ago. University of Texas at Austin College of Liberal Arts. 1825 - Stephen F. Austin founds a colony of settlers. Did you know that the oldest construction in North America is right here in Texas? In 1844, however, President John Tyler helped develop an agreement that allowed Texas to join the United States. The recorded history of Texas begins with the arrival of the first Spanish conquistadors in the region of North America now known as Texas in 1519, who found the region occupied by numerous Native American tribes. In 1845 Texas was admitted to the Union as the 28th state. The independent Republic of Texas is declared. In the most famous battle of the Texas-Mexico war, the Texans fought heroically to defend the Alamo. During Spanish colonial rule, the area was officially known as the Nuevo Reino de Filipinas: La Provincia de Texas. They probably covered the new floor with layers of leaves and animal skins to make it softer. That's how big Texas is! States, regions, nations, and more are available. In 2011, it also produced more cattle, sheep, hay, cotton and wool than any other state. A great battle took place there in 1836. Another company in the state, Texas Instruments, is a major producer of electronic goods and military equipment. Bright Sky Press, 2009. During this period, Mexico allowed pioneers from the United States to enter the territory and set up their own colonies. Encapsulating the 500-year saga of the one-of-a-kind state of Texas, this interactive book takes readers from the founding of the Spanish Missions and the victory at San Jacinto to the Great Storm that destroyed Galveston and the establishment of NASA’s Mission Control in Houston while covering everything in between. Mexico did not declare war right away, but the two countries continued to dispute the border. In 1839 it was selected by scouts as the site for the permanent capital of the Republic of Texas and renamed to honour Stephen F. Austin, father of the republic. Under both Spanish and Mexican … David Crockett Creating a Legendby Mary Dodson Wade. 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