", "World's longest highway tunnel opened in Himachal Pradesh", Cabinet nod for water scheme, renaming of tunnel after Vajpayee, "PM reiterates desire for peace with Pak", "Rohtang tunnel work likely to start next month", "Engineering marvel: India's highest tunnel to see light of day in October", "Rivulet gushes out during Rohtang tunnel digging", "BRO Annual Chief Engineers' Conference 2014 : A Curtain Raiser", "Rohtang tunnel may not be ready before 2019 | Shimla News - Times of India", "Rohtang Tunnel Records Best Yearly Progress in 2016 - Hill Post", "Rohtang tunnel project: Defence ministry checks Rohtang Tunnel progress | Shimla News - Times of India", "rohtang: Defence ministry official visits Rohtang tunnel | Shimla News - Times of India", "Medical transit via Rohtang tunnel this winter? But now with the time lessening by 3 hours or so, these overnight halts will be reduced to almost nothing. [13] The drilling of the Rohtang Tunnel through the Himalayan ranges began on 28 June 2010 at the South Portal, 25 km (16 mi) north of Manali. Almost 39 years after, when Atal Bihari Vajpayee became the Prime Minister, locals suggested his childhood friend Arjun Gopal visit him to talk about Rohtang Tunnel. Will this not harm the ecology of this pristine region? Contract for construction of Zojila Pass tunnel (located between Srinagar and Leh) of more than 14 km is progressing well. On two occasions before that, we had been permitted to drive through the 'under-construction' tunnel. This tunnel provides year round connectivity to Lahaul. The tunnel was built using the New Austrian tunnelling method and has been equipped with a semi-transverse ventilation system, where large fans separately circulate air throughout the tunnel. So the camps at Sarchu and Pang will lose a part of their income on lodging, but increase their F&B sales. It was announced on the occasion of … Situated in the Pir Panjal ranges, the Rohtang Pass highway tunnel will provide ample room for two-way traffic and is designed to cater to a maximum vehicular speed of 80 km per hour. Vehicles breaking down cannot be parked safely to one side and this will quickly cause a traffic pile up. Where do the authorities come in? Not unless another tunnel punches a hole under the Kunzum La. However to hope to reach Leh during winters, without tunnels under Baralacha La, Lachulang La and Tanglang La, is no more than a fantasy. However the project did not move beyond the tree-felling stage by May 2003. The local people of Ladakh and Lahaul will both benefit and lose from the opening of the tunnel. Geology of tunnelling media: Uniformly dipping alternate sequence of quartzites, quartzitic schists, quartz-diolite-schist with thin bands. This is untrue. Leh-Manali Highway tunnel built under the Rohtang Pass in the eastern Pir Panjal range of the Himalayas, "Atal Tunnel renamed as 'Atal Tunnel, Rohtang, "9-km-long Atal Tunnel an engineering marvel", "Atal Tunnel: How world's longest tunnel above 10,000 feet at Rohtang pass will make use of automation solutions", "Importance of Rohtang Tunnel for Lahaul & Pangi resident", "Explained: What is the strategic importance of Atal Tunnel at Rohtang? In five years, Sissu will start looking like Manali twenty five years back, which may not be a plus! Accidents will be common if snow chains on tyres are not used. 1) When did you drive through the Atal Tunnel and what were your feelings? Atal Tunnel (also known as Rohtang Tunnel)[1] is a highway tunnel built under the Rohtang Pass in the eastern Pir Panjal range of the Himalayas on the Leh-Manali Highway in Himachal Pradesh, India. The most challenging task was to continue the excavation during heavy snowfall in winter. This strategic tunnel will change the fortunes of this region. The increase in tourism will be marginal in the summer months as the same number that came over Rohtang Pass will drive through the tunnel. Before the tunnel, the driving time between Manali and Leh was around 11 to 12 hours. Staying in the car with the engine running, will ensure CO (Carbon monoxide) builds up in the tunnel that can at some point be fatal. The Rohtang Tunnel is a route that will connect the Lahaul-Spiti valley to the tourist town of Manali in the northern state of Himachal Pradesh, India. The project is set to cut short the distance between Keylong and Manali by 45 … The route, which previously went through Gramphu, was 116 km (72.1 mi) long and took 5 to 6 hours in good conditions. Since the Atal tunnel is likely to witness heavy traffic, CCTV cameras are placed at regular intervals in the tunnel which are connected to two monitoring rooms on both ends of the tunnel for vehicular management and pollution monitoring. The central government has renamed Rohtang Pass as 'Atal Tunnel' recently. However, as Rohtang pass closes during the winter, the north portal was not accessible during winter and the excavation was being done only from the south portal in winters. Finally, the Cabinet Committee on Security in UPA government cleared the Rohtang Tunnel Project. As on 13 October 2017 both ends of the tunnel met. If you over speed on such a slippery surface, your car can easily go into a slide causing a major accident! Excavation for tunnelling was done from both ends. Atal Tunnel is the longest highway tunnel in the world, and the 9.02 km long tunnel connects Manali to Lahaul-Spiti valley throughout the year. Even then, the avalanche paths between Chotta Dhara and Batal will need to be cleared daily to allow access to Spiti. Aston Martin DBX, BMW 3 Series Gran Limousine & the latest auto news - Digital show 15h Jan, In Conversation with Tarun Mehta, CEO & Co-founder Ather, Fuel price hike: Petrol prices reach Rs 91.56/litre in Mumbai, new all-time high, Semiconductor shortage halts auto industry production worldwide, FCA and PSA complete merger to form Stellantis, Nissan Magnite vs Toyota Urban Cruiser automatic compact SUV comparo, 2020 Hyundai i20 vs Toyota Glanza automatic comparo, 2021 TVS Apache RTR 200 4V road test review, Skoda launches refreshed Superb, prices start at Rs 31.99 lakh, 2021 Tata Safari to come with connected tech, 2021 Maruti Suzuki Swift to launch in February, Abstract | Winners and Honourable Mentions, BP Tip of the Day: Getting Out of a Creative Block. This tunnel connects Leh and Manali regions. The Rohtang Pass may host a challenging, off-road hill-climb event in the future. [35] Questions were also raised on the impact of cutting down more than 700 trees on the ecology.[36]. Dec 2019: On 25 December the tunnel, which was known as Rohtang tunnel till then, was officially renamed as the Atal Tunnel. It is not the job of the authorities, whoever they may be, to try and change the march of progress. "Rohtang Tunnel, connecting Manali in Himachal Pradesh to Leh in Ladakh, will now be known as Atal Tunnel. Heavy snowfall in the Rohtang Pass area is a major concern, especially on the approach roads to the main tunnel. The Rohtang tunnel project in Himachal Pradesh is a classic example of India’s crass neglect of nationally important infrastructure projects, neglect that has huge strategic implications. Vijay is based in Shimla and is easily one of the most qualified persons to comment on the advantages of the Atal Tunnel and the care one needs to exercise while driving through it. The tunnel will also reduce the distance between Manali and Leh by 46 km. 3) What do you see as the benefits of the Atal Tunnel? The National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited (NHIDCL) is making a DPR for this tunnel which will give a new road link to Leh. Some of the anchoring and slope stabilisation work was subcontracted to Spar Geo Infra Pvt Ltd. Prime Minister Narendra Modi renamed the tunnel as the Atal Tunnel, in honour of Shree Atal Bihari Vajpayee, on 25 December 2019, Vajpayee's birthday.[8]. Overburden: Maximum 1,900 metres (6,230 ft), average more than 600 m (1,970 ft), Construction technique: Drill & Blast with. However, there was no progress for the next three years, until May 2010.[12]. So people halted for the night at Sarchu or Pang. But, even with the Atal Tunnel opening, it will not be possible to get into Spiti in the winter. File Photo: Rohtang Tunnel under construction. The locals will welcome tourism, additional revenue, and freedom from a winter prison with open arms. In winter this water can freeze into slippery black ice as the tunnel will act as a venturi for icy winds blowing in through the North portal. At a length of 9.02 km, it is the longest tunnel above 10,000 feet (3,048 m) in the world and is named after former Prime Minister of India, Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Vijay Parmar is not just a renowned rally rider, but an off-road driving and riding guru too. The access to better medical aid, fresh food supplies, and even travel options will free the Lahaul residents from this sense of captivity. Explained: The strategic importance of the Atal Tunnel in Rohtang Dharam Chand, 81, from Teling village, which lies close to the northern portal of the Atal Tunnel, says once Manali is more accessible, the bus fare will be cheaper. After a year of discussions, Vajpayee went to Lahaul in June 2000 and declared that the Rohtang Tunnel would be constructed. Coming out of the tunnel onto a road on the other side covered in snow and ice, will have significant hazards for two-wheel-drive cars as against 4X4's (four-wheel drives). As of October 2013, a little more than 4 km of the tunnel had been dug. [5][6], The tunnel is at an elevation of 3,100 metres (10,171 ft) whereas the Rohtang Pass is at an elevation of 3,978 metres (13,051 ft). The drive will become easier next year with the completion of the Rohtang Tunnel, a trans-Himalayan short cut that will reduce travel times and ensure year-round connectivity to Ladakh. Gopal and two companions, Chhering Dorje and Abhay Chand, moved to Delhi. [34] A cloud-burst and flash flood on 8 August 2003 killed 42 labourers who were building the temporary access road. 9) The tunnel will reduce the driving time to Lahaul and Leh. Temperature variation in the area: 25–30 °C (77–86 °F) during May–June, −30 to −20 °C (−22 to −4 °F) during Dec–Jan. Cutting through a mountain to the west of Rohtang La, the tunnel will shorten the distance between Solang Valley near Manali to Sissu in Lahaul, the two points it connects, by around 46 km. Services inside Rohtang Tunnel: *Telephone at every 150 metres *Fire hydrant at every 60 metres *Emergency exit at every 500 metres *Turning cavern at every 2.2. km *Air Quality monitoring every 1 km We grew too old to play the same game again and again. The new route via the tunnel brings down the total distance travelled to 71 km (44.1 mi) which can be covered in about 2 hours and 5 minutes, a reduction of around 3 to 4 hours when compared to the earlier route. Nov 2019: Bus service trial started through the yet-incomplete tunnel on 17 November 2019. They all said the Rohtang Tunnel would be highly beneficial to them as Lahaul is cut off from the rest of the world due to heavy snowing over the Rohtang Pass in the long winter season there. The tunnel will also form part of an all-weather access route to the mountainous regions of Leh and Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K). The Atal Rohtang Tunnel will provide better connectivity to the people of the tribal districts of Lahul-Spiti as well as the people of Pangi and Leh Ladakh and will also strengthen the country in strategic terms said Jairam Thakur on his visit Rohtang tunnel today. Thanks to the Atal Tunnel, one can now even drive to Lahaul in winter. [9] On 26 May 2002, the Border Roads Organisation (BRO), a tri-service organisation of the Defence Ministry specialising in road and bridge construction in difficult terrains, headed by Lt. Gen. Prakash Suri, PVSM, was put in charge of construction. In 2000, the project was estimated to cost ₹500 crore and be completed in seven years. Atal Tunnel (also known as Rohtang Tunnel) is a highway tunnel built under the Rohtang Pass in the eastern Pir Panjal range of the Himalayas on the Leh-Manali Highway in Himachal Pradesh, India. The historic decision to build the tunnel below the Rohtang Pass was taken in 2000 when Vajpayee was the prime minister. Will it be possible for example to drive over Kunzum La and get into Spiti too from Lahaul? There were more than 46 avalanche sites on approaches to the tunnel. Prime Minister Narendra Modi and other dignitaries after the inauguration of the Atal Tunnel. The tunnel reduces the distance between Manali and Leh by 46 km and the travel time by four to five hours. To end the perpetual isolation of Lahoul & Pangi and uninterrupted supply of Ration, arms and ammunition and petroleum products to the northern sensitive borders at the shortest time has become a reality with the start of Technical kick beneath Rohtang Pass through a Tunnel. Only about one-fourth of the entire tunnel was excavated from the north end and three-fourths was excavated from the south end. This all-climate passage will lessen the separation between Manali and Leh by 46 kms. Tunnel ventilation: Semi-transverse system of ventilation. The increase of tourists initially will be much more in the winter, but the extreme cold and lack of infrastructure to deal with it, will soon turn that inflow into a trickle. The tunnel will have no effect on the military preparedness of the army on either Chinese or Pakistani borders. The 8.8 km Rohtang tunnel will be the longest tunnel road in India and World’s highest Road Tunnel. | Shimla News - Times of India", "रोहतांग टनल का निरीक्षण करने पहुंच रहीं रक्षा मंत्री, बीआरओ अधिकारियों के साथ करेंगी बैठक", "Himachal polls-2017: Quiet opening to Rohtang tunnel amid election din", "Rohtang tunnel to be used only in severe medical emergency | Chandigarh News - Times of India", "HRTC launches bus service across Rohtang tunnel", "8.8-km tunnel to make Leh accessible in all seasons", "Latest News, Breaking News Live, Current Headlines, India News Online - The Indian Express", "Unexpected water ingress delays boring of Rohtang Tunnel", "Water ingress, loose rocks delay boring of Rohtang tunnel - The Times of India", "Rohtang tunnel to affect area ecology, warn experts", "India Digs Under Top of the World to Match Rival", "Atal Tunnel: World's longest highway tunnel above 10,000 feet, connecting Manali to Leh, completed in 10 years", "City News, Indian City Headlines, Latest City News, Metro City News", "Timeline of sequence of events at Atal Tunnel Project", "After Rohtang, more high-altitude tunnels to come up on Manali-Leh highway", 2011 news report – at around 1'10" the footage gives a good idea of the planned portal, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Atal_Tunnel&oldid=1000269547, Buildings and structures in Himachal Pradesh, Articles with dead external links from June 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The project was announced by the then Prime Minister, The foundation stone of the project was laid on 28 June 2010 by. Prime Minister Narendra Modi is walking through the roads of the tunnel after its inauguration. For the people of Lahaul, the big gain will be a release from captivity of four winter months of isolation. And this lack of acclimatization time, will lead to AMS (Acute Mountain Sickness)! To be opened for emergency traffic by Oct-2019 end. This Atal Rohtang Tunnel will enable the safe movement of military vehicles to the Ladakh border through this and there will be no problem in providing logistics to the troops. Do you think this is possible? The Atal Rohtang Tunnel will reduce the travel time by four to five hours. The local people of Ladakh and Lahaul will both benefit and lose from the opening of the tunnel. (Image Source-NW 18). Lahaul will benefit from year-round tourism and ease of clearing crops of … The work was awarded to a joint venture of AFCONS Infrastructure Limited, an Indian construction company of Shapoorji Pallonji Group, and STRABAG AG, Austria, in September 2009. Economics will rule. The. Atal Tunnel Rohtang - Can It Help Indian Army Safeguard Ladakh? Excavation was expected to be completed in 2017, with opening in the second half of 2019. New challenges like our motorcycle expedition in deep winter to Daulat Beg Oldie and the Karakoram Pass in 2019, offer more challenge. Constructed at an average 10,000ft above sea level, the horseshoe-shaped tunnel will be the world’s longest tunnel … Atal Tunnel in Rohtang, which is the most noteworthy elevation burrow on … India’s largest auto media for the bike & car community for over 22 years. Oct 2020: The tunnel was inaugurated by the Prime Minister, Shape (cross-section) of Tunnel: Horseshoe, Finished width: 10.00 m (32.8 ft) at road level. It will be possible to keep the Lahaul and Pangi valleys route open all year round, within the framework of snow clearance on the roads, by the BRO. As of 3 September 2017, 276 metres of the tunnel digging work remained. The thought of hosting a "Hill Climb Challenge" over the pass, crossed my mind more than once! "Listen to your heart positively" A class tenth boy commit suicide due to inability to get online classes The loss will be to the close-knit community that grew closer in the winter months, strengthening their traditional ways of life. He also said the government is keen to promote tourism in Lahaul. 10) Finally what advice do you have for those planning to drive through the Atal Tunnel this winter? "Atal tunnel will give new strength to India's border infrastructure. The tunnel also reduces the road distance between Manali and Leh by 46 km Altitude of Atal Tunnel Atal Tunnel is built at an altitude of 3000 meters i.e., 10,000 feet. [11] In May 2007, the government of Dr. Manmohan Singh awarded the contract to SMEC (Snowy Mountains Engineering Corporation) International Private Limited, an Australian company, and the completion date was revised to 2014. So one must be aware that the situation calls for you to switch-off the car engine, move away to an exit, and await clearance of the blockage. As of December 2016, 7.6 km of the tunnel digging had been completed. Vijay Parmar has explored and mapped almost all possible roads and motorable tracks in Himachal, Ladakh and J & K. 8) It is being said that with the tunnel being operational, the road over the Rohtang Pass will no longer be maintained or cleared. Nothing. A 2.25 m high and 3.6 m wide emergency tunnel is integrated in the tunnel cross-section beneath the main carriageway. Will this lead to any changes in the routes or the way you run the Raid De Himalaya? Tourism will spill over into the Keylong side yielding huge infra growth for this area. But some precautions need to be taken while going through it in winter. 4) What are the likely benefits of the tunnel to the Indian Army, and its strategies and preparedness to protect our borders in the Ladakh region? (a) Upper tolerance limit for concentration – 150ppm, After frequent visits of Director General Border Roads, officials from Defence Ministry and Himachal Chief Minister, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 11:55. It is a perennial, all-weather tunnel, meant to tackle the issue of the Lahaul-Spiti Valley being cut off … The 9.02 kilometres-long Atal Tunnel, named after former Prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, passes under the Rohtang Pass in the eastern Pir … The road over the pass will be maintained as an alternate route across to Lahaul, albeit with lesser interest, deployment, and resources. Rohtang Tunnel The tunnel is being built at an elevation of 10171 ft under the Rohtang Pass. The two-lane tunnel, once opened to vehicular traffic will help travellers to avoid the Rohtang Pass, about 51 km from Manali, will cut down a distance of 46 km between Manali and Keylong . Only a little progress was made in the next one year due to heavy ingress of water at serri nullah fault zone, that required constant dewatering and slowed the digging and blasting to a crawl. Atal Tunnel or the Rohtang tunnel has been built in the Pir Panjal range of Himalayas. [2][3] At a length of 9.02 km, it is the longest tunnel above 10,000 feet (3,048 m) in the world and is named after former Prime Minister of India, Atal Bihari Vajpayee. It must be remembered that with the tunnel reducing driving time, a very significant change in temperatures and oxygen levels will now happen in just 15 minutes! However, the tunnel will provide this connectivity only up to Darcha, north of Keylong in the Lahaul region of Himachal Pradesh. It will help in promoting tourism in the region," he said. It will reduce 46 km distance between Leh and Manali. Yes, +15 degrees in Manali, may turn to -20 degrees across the tunnel! It was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 3 October 2020. He is the organizer of the Raid De Himalaya and founder of Himalayan Motorsport Association, which conducts motor sporting events in the Himalayas. At the beginning of construction of this tunnel, it was designed as an 8.8 km long tunnel, but when … Oct 2019: 100 metres work yet to be finished. In any case snow clearance of 40 ft. high snow walls, can only yield a tenuous path suitable for single lane traffic. BRO is the nodal agency and 8.8 Kms long tunnel is being constructed … Earlier, the road connectivity was limited to only one season of the year as the Rohtang pass remains closed in the winters due to heavy snowfall. [4], The tunnel reduces the travel time and overall distance between Manali and Keylong on the way to Leh. The Raid de Himalaya was buried with honours after its 20th running! Salient features of the Atal Tunnel are as follows: The following parameters have been set in design: Project Cost : Approximately ₹3,200 crore[38]. "Rohtang tunnel has been completed to provide all-weather connectivity to the Ladakh region. Fires inside the tunnel will be controlled within an area of 200 metres and fire hydrants are provided at specific locations throughout the tunnel.The tunnel also has a public announcement system to make important announcement in emergency situations for which loudspeakers are installed at regular intervals. Afcons, in a joint venture with Strabag, has constructed the world's longest motorable tunnel 3,000 m above sea level. 7) What can the authorities do to prevent commercialization and over-exploitation of this area? Prime Minister Nehru discussed a rope way to Rohtang Pass with local tribes in 1960. As of June 2012, two years after the start of the project, 3.5 km of the tunnel digging had been completed. The tunnel is intended to create an all-weather route to Leh and Lahaul and Spiti valleys in Himachal Pradesh. 2) Some BRO (Border Roads Organization) and army people have been quoted as saying that due to the Atal Tunnel, they may now be able to keep the road from Manali to Leh open even in winter. I drove through the completed Atal Tunnel for the first time on 4th October 2020, a day after the inauguration by the Prime Minister. The tunnel is located at an altitude of 10,000 Feet from the Mean Sea Level (MSL). In winter, the temperature difference between one side of the tunnel and the other could be over 30 degrees! Connectivity to Ladakh will require more tunnels: either at Shikun La, or at the passes located on the present Leh-Manali road. Importance of Rohtang Tunnel for Lahaul & Pangi resident. In areas of poor rock condition, yieldable steel ribs (ISMB 150/ISMB 300) have been used. (Image Source-ANI). But snow chains will be required or there will be an increase in accidents. The economy will boom. The local people there are very warm and still maintain contact with me. Medical facilities to deal with all this, needs to be in place. As the tunnel was planned 40 years ago, it lacks lay-bys. By December 2004, the cost estimate had grown to ₹900 crore. “This will benefit the farmers here who take their produce to … (8m pavement and 1m footpath on both sides), General altitude of the tunnel: 3,000–3,100 m or 9,840–10,170 ft, Designated vehicular speed: 80 km/h (50 mph). The traveller now reaches the South Portal of the tunnel from Manali, a distance of 24.4 km (15.2 mi) in about 50 minutes, goes through the 9.02 km (5.6 mi) long tunnel in about 15 minutes, and reaches Keylong which is 37 km (23.0 mi) away in about 60 minutes. Copyright © 2018 Overdrive - All rights reserved. 6) The inflow of tourists to Lahaul will obviously increase due to the tunnel. Lahaul will benefit from year-round tourism and ease of clearing crops of peas, potatoes, and apples from its fields. Moreover, the tunnel bypasses most of the sites that were prone to road blockades, avalanches, and traffic snarls. Will you miss driving over Rohtang? Digging deep to boost defences in high-tension frontier zone The Atal Rohtang Tunnel's south portal in Dhundi village in India's Himachal Pradesh state on Sept 1. Simple Tech: Intelligent Manual Transmission. The valley was earlier cut off for about six months every year due to heavy snowfall. Tourism will flourish even in the winters, bringing both livelihood and daily activity. 10,000 Feet from the north end and three-fourths was excavated from the north end three-fourths! The camps at Sarchu or Pang Raid De Himalaya and founder of Himalayan Motorsport Association, which conducts sporting. 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Organizer of the tunnel will reduce 46 km and the Karakoram Pass in 2019, offer more challenge they be!, these overnight halts will be required or there will be an increase accidents! On two occasions before that, we had been permitted to drive through the 'under-construction ' tunnel the inflow tourists... Tunnel was conceived in 1983 46 kms safely to one side and this will cause!: Uniformly dipping alternate sequence of quartzites, quartzitic schists, quartz-diolite-schist with bands... Temperature differences, especially in the region, '' he said winter, may exceed degrees... Atal tunnel Rohtang - can it help Indian army Safeguard Ladakh tunnel was planned 40 years,! 'S first passage to have an escape tunnel inside the fundamental passage or main tunnel overnight halts will be or... To any changes in the second half of 2019, i.e., half of 2019 of! Can it help Indian army Safeguard Ladakh tunnel reduces the travel time by four to five.! Raised footpaths on both sides of the tunnel emergency tunnel is intended to create an all-weather route Leh... To try and change the fortunes of this area Sela Pass ( Arunachal. Connecting Manali in Himachal Pradesh the local people of Lahaul, the bypasses. Avalanches, and traffic snarls Feet from the Mean Sea Level ( MSL ). [ ]... What can the authorities, whoever they may be, to try and change the fortunes of this region. Connectivity only up to Darcha, north of Keylong in the winter what advice do you see the., garbage management and parking areas that inevitably result from an increase in accidents 34 ] a and! Will also reduce the driving time to Lahaul in winter, the of...

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