The Septuagint adds as a reason to do good or to respond favorably, “for you do not know what the next day will bring.” Circumstances can change quickly, and the person who is in position to give may later find himself in a needy state. This section builds on the counsel Solomon gave in Proverbs 2. (3:21), The expression “life to your soul” may be understood to mean “life to you” (life to the son being addressed). It is well-known to all who draw near to it, and anything precious [or any honor] is not worthy of it.” Wisdom will prove to be triumphant. (3:23), Even at night, the son could feel secure on account of letting “prudence” (the father’s “counsel” [LXX]) and “discretion” (“thought” or insight [LXX]) govern his life. Tie them around your neck; carve their initials on your heart. 3 Do not let loyalty and faithfulness forsake you; bind them around your neck, write them on the tablet of your heart. He cites some of the valuable results of obedience and trust. The son would need to “turn away from evil.” According to the Septuagint rendering, the son was not to be wise or understanding to himself or in his own estimation but was to “fear God and turn away from all evil.” (3:7), A reverential regard for YHWH and a rejection of evil benefit a person’s physical organism. Proverbs 3:1-35. (3:15; see the Notes section regarding the Septuagint rendering. Instead, he was to “fear YHWH,” having reverential regard for him by seeking to know his will and then conducting himself accordingly. In verse 6, the Septuagint rendering focuses on wisdom. An obligation could also include the return of a pledge or the repayment of a debt when due. The verb יתר, Arab. (3:1), For the son to remember his father’s law or instruction and to observe, guard, or treasure his commandments would benefit him greatly. He was not to look upon the reproof with disgust or become disheartened or weary on account of the affliction YHWH permitted him to undergo as discipline, correction, or training. The advantage in so doing, Proverbs 3:10. They find themselves in an enviable state of well-being and security. He grants his “grace,” favor, or kindly attention to the “humble” or lowly ones, to persons who recognize their need for his aid and guidance. The son’s “foot” would not stumble. The corresponding word in the Septuagint is the plural of pistós and could relate to acts or dealings that are characterized by faithfulness or trustworthiness. The application of wisdom is humane. of נסח); nor, with Bttcher (1100, p. 453), is יסּחוּ to be regarded as a veritable fut. Free from anxiety about possible adverse consequences from unwise or corrupt actions, the son’s sleep would be sweet or pleasant. "For freedom Christ has freed us" — Galatians 5:1, Comments on the letters to the Thessalonians, Comments on the letters to Timothy and Titus. 3 Let love and faithfulness b never leave you; bind them around your neck, write them on the tablet of your heart. January 20, 2015 Chapter 3 contains a number of sayings I would like to comment on: Verse 5 is easily misused by those who think we should choose biblical literalism over scientific knowledge, or faith without reason. remaining indefinite (for which J. H. Michaelis refers to Hosea 12:9), is equivalent to evellentur. 4 So you will find favor and good repute in the sight of God and of people. There would not come upon him some calamity on account of his own folly. Faithfulness. ), For the son not to be “wise” in his own “eyes” would mean for him not to consider his wisdom to be such as not to need God’s guidance and aid to conduct himself aright. Let love and faithfulness never leave you; bind them around your neck, write them on the tablet of your heart. As to YHWH’s “reproof” or correction that may be distressing, the son was not to despise it or “give out” (LXX). Submitted by admin on Tue, 2015-09-08 19:16. In this context, “truth” denotes trustworthiness, faithfulness, or reliability. (3:11) This is the case because YHWH “reproves” (“disciplines” [LXX]) the one whom he loves, just as a father reproves a “son in whom he delights.” The Septuagint rendering is, “For whom the Lord loves, he disciplines, and he chastises [or punishes] every son whom he accepts.” (3:12), “Happy,” blessed, fortunate, or in an enviable state of well-being is a “man” (an “earthling”) who finds wisdom and a man (an earthling [thnetós, a mortal (LXX)]) who gets (“recognized” [LXX]) “understanding,” skill, or insight. The promise of Proverbs 2:21 is the same as in the Mashal Psalm 37:9, Psalm 37:11, Psalm 37:22; cf. ), While the temple in Jerusalem functioned, Israelites could “honor YHWH” by making contributions from their “wealth” or substance for the support of the services there. comment. In the Septuagint, this phrase could be rendered, “Son, let not flow away.” He is then told to keep or to safeguard “prudence” (tushiyyáh) and “discretion” (“thought” or insight [LXX]). Copyright 2004-2017 by Hans Werner
“And my commandments [sayings or words (LXX)] let your heart keep,” guard, treasure, or observe. The excellence of wisdom urged and illustrated by its place in the divine counsels. God must be feared, honored, and trusted, and filial submission, under chastisement, exhibited. Additionally, they are called “grace” to the “neck,” adding a tangible favorable impression on others and one that could be compared to beautiful adornment around the neck. As one who conducted himself aright and preserved a good conscience, he would be able to enjoy “peace,” security, or well-being. (3:5), A literal reading of the Hebrew text is, “In all your ways, know him [YHWH], and he will make your paths straight.” The thought appears to be that the son should conduct himself in a manner that was consistent with his knowing YHWH as his God whose commands he wanted to follow. To faith, Proverbs 3:5,6, and trust in God; the benefits that they shall receive thereby, Proverbs 3:7,8. Proverbs 3:35 Context. According to the Septuagint, the “Lord opposes arrogant ones,” rejecting them as disapproved. The words may apply to one of Solomon's students in his court or to one of his biological sons. a. Ancient observers perceived the dew as coming down on vegetation from above. (3:26), Withholding “good” from one to whom it is owing could relate to extending a favor or kindness to someone in need, for people should have a sense of obligation to come to the aid of fellow humans in distress. 1. law [and] commandments—all divine instructions (see on Ps 119:1 and Ps 119:4). Design by Patricia Muller. Proverbs 3:1-35 King James Version << Proverbs 2 | Proverbs 3 | Proverbs 4 >> Exhortations to Obedience. The study of truth commended. Do not envy the oppressor, And choose none of his ways; For the perverse person is an abomination to the Lord, But His secret counsel is with the upright. These essential qualities were to be precious to him as if attached to a cord and worn about his neck. Addeddate 2009-08-05 20:19:06 External_metadata_update 2019-03-13T07:39:46Z Identifier Proverbs_Ch3_v_1-35. Let not mercy and truth forsake thee: bind them about thy neck; write them upon the table of thine … ), For the son to “trust in YHWH” (“God” [LXX]) with “all” his “heart” would require him to rely on YHWH completely, never doubting that acting in harmony with his commands would result in the greatest good possible. A reason for it, Proverbs 3:12. The Hebrew word peniním has been understood to designate “pearls,” “rubies,” “coral,” and “red coral.” In the Septuagint, the reference is to “precious stones.” Nothing one might desire or in which one might find delight can be considered as equal to wisdom. By his understanding, insight, or discernment, he secured (“prepared” [LXX]) the “heavens.” This could refer to the formation of the celestial vault that appears like a fixed dome over the land. (3:24) He would not have to fear some “sudden dread” or terror “and the ruin of wicked ones when it comes.” At the time corrupt individuals suffer deserved punishment, upright persons will have nothing to fear. The excellence of wisdom urged and illustrated by its place in the divine counsels. (e) "doctrinae meae", Piscator, Michaelis; "institutionem meam", Schultens; "doctrinam meam", Cocceius. The Septuagint rendering is “body.” Possibly, in view of its central location, the navel represents the entire organism. To avoid strife, Proverbs 3:29,30. (3:33), YHWH scorns scorners or treats them in keeping with their ridicule of what is right and just. The commandments or principles the father had imparted to him should guide his son’s reasoning, thinking, and conduct. To charitableness, Proverbs 3:28. circle of vision. The curse of the Lord is on the house of the wicked, But He blesses the home of the just. The godly woman is a treasure to her family. 64 Views . The study of truth commended. Like the fruit of a tree that provides nourishment for sustaining life, the guidance wisdom provides for those who follow it contributes to the enjoyment of a longer life by aiding them to avoid the pitfalls that can lead to a premature death. This is anything but peaceful! The form יסּחוּ, pointed יסּחוּ, might be the Niph. His finding wisdom suggests that he looked for it, desired it as his possession, and wanted to live in a manner that harmonized with it. Keep my commandments, by diligent meditation and hearty affection. In connection with the previous verse (which see for comments), the thought appears to be that, when “prudence” (the father’s “counsel” [LXX]) and “discretion” (“thought” or insight [LXX]) govern conduct, they can contribute to a longer and better life than would otherwise be the case. For a comprehensive study of the passage, download the Study Guide (PDF download) 1. To honour God with our estates, Proverbs 3:9. 3 My child, do not forget my teaching, but let your heart keep my commandments; 2 for length of days and years of life and abundant welfare they will give you. The fatherly admonition is, “My son, do not forget my law” (“laws” [LXX]) or instruction, disregarding it as if he no longer remembered it. 3-4 Don’t lose your grip on Love and Loyalty. The paths that wisdom directs as the ones to be followed promote “peace,” a state of well-being and security and one that is free from conflict and strife. He should guard them as being of inestimable value in his “heart,” his mind, or his inmost self. (3:13), The “gain” from wisdom (and the understanding that has its source in wisdom) is “better than gain from silver” and the profit from wisdom is better than “gold.” From the possession and the application of wisdom more is to be gained than from the possession and use of gold and silver. 3 My son, x do not forget my teaching, y. but keep my commands in your heart, 2 for they will prolong your life many years z. and bring you peace and prosperity. According to the Septuagint, it is better to conduct trade in wisdom than in “gold and silver treasures.” The returns from wisdom in relation to the life one would live are far superior to those from the possession of gold and silver. Faithful adherence to the instruction and the commandments would add “length of days [existence (LXX)] and years of life and peace” to him. The son would consider them as needing to be carefully guarded like a seal used for authenticating documents. Proverbs 3:1-12 Exploring the Passage. (3:3), By not letting enduring love and truth or faithfulness forsake him as would a person who chose to live a corrupt life, the son would find “favor and good understanding before [literally, in the eyes of] God and man.” God and fellow humans would regard him favorably, and their “understanding” or estimate of him as a person would be good. (3:35), The Septuagint rendering of verse 4 differs from the extant Hebrew text and could be translated, “Think beforehand [on] good [things] before the Lord and men.” This may be understood as admonition to give careful consideration to what is good in the sight of God and fellow humans. Below are some preliminary questions to assist in the study of this passage. With such structural indicators, the third instruction is found in Proverbs 3:1-12, the fourth consists of Proverbs 3:13-24, the fifth is in Proverbs 3:25-35, the sixth is in Proverbs 4:1-9, and the seventh instruction appears in Proverbs 4:10-27. “And it will be healing to your flesh and care for your bones.” The entire physical frame of the individual would be benefited. In obedient response to the law, they could also honor or show their high regard for YHWH by offering the “firstfruits” of all their produce or their crops. Proverbs 1:8 My son, hear the instruction of thy father, and forsake not the law of thy mother: Proverbs 4:5 Get wisdom, get understanding: forget it not; neither decline from the words of my mouth. Proverbs 3:1–35 Wisdom Bestows Well-Being. watar, signifies to yoke (whence יתר, a cord, rope), then intrans. The Beginning of Knowledge - The proverbs of Solomon, son of David, king of Israel: To know wisdom and instruction, to understand words of insight, to receive instruction in wise dealing, in righteousness, justice, and equity; to give prudence to the simple, knowledge and discretion to the youth— Let the wise hear and increase in learning, and the one who understands obtain guidance, Proverbs 3:2 "For length of days, and long life, and peace, shall they add to thee." Those who draw near to wisdom, approaching it as persons who choose to follow it, are fully acquainted with its inestimable worth. Unashamed is a weekly Bible study broadcast taking you verse-by-verse through the scriptures. The son was not to lean on his own understanding (“wisdom” [LXX]) as would a person who preferred to follow his own flawed judgment and deliberately chose to pursue a way of life that ignored YHWH’s commands. (Compare Romans 12:17; 2 Corinthians 8:21, and 1 Timothy 5:8 [texts that contain forms of the verb pronoéo].). (3:21), There is a measure of uncertainty about the meaning of the Hebrew word tushiyyáh. (3:14) This makes wisdom more precious than “corals” (peniním). This indefinite "they" or "one" ("man"), Fleischer remarks, can even be used of God, as here and Job 7:3 - a thing which is common in Persian, where e.g., the expression rendered hominem ex pulvere fecerunt is used instead of the fuller form, which would be rendered homo a Deo ex pulvere factus est. He blesses the “abode of righteous ones,” assuring that the eventual outcome for them will be good. Such a seal was commonly suspended from a cord that could be worn around the neck. (3:28), One should not scheme something evil to a neighbor or fellow, taking advantage of him when he does not suspect any possibility of being harmed (“when he is residing securely with you” [“one residing (beside you) and trusting in you” (LXX)]). ), When individuals conduct themselves in harmony with the wisdom that has a proper regard for God as its basis, they are shielded from indulging in habits and actions that could lead to a premature death. “From its [wisdom’s] mouth, righteousness comes forth, and it carries law and mercy on [its] tongue.” Whatever has its source in true wisdom is righteous, just, or right. Storerooms would be filled with abundance (“grain” [LXX]) from the harvest, and vats would overflow with wine (the juice from trodden grapes). Public Domain. נסּח, Deuteronomy 28:63; but in this case it would be ינּסחוּ. The Septuagint rendering cautions against becoming hostile toward a man, “lest he do evil” or injury “to you.” (3:30), A wicked man seemingly may prosper. "When a man's ways please the Lord, He makes even his enemies to be at peace with him" (Proverbs 16:7).Sin separates man from God, causing a confrontational relationship with Him whereby man receives His wrath. Piety enforced by a contrast of the destiny of the righteous and the wicked. “Dry bones” are associated with disease and weakness, and so the reference to “drink” for the bones could signify that the entire frame of the individual would be invigorated. Be the first one to write a review. This discipline could come in the form of suffering that God may permit him to experience. In verse 22, the Septuagint contains additional wording that has no correspondence in the Hebrew text. (23 Then you will go on your way in safety, and your foot will not stumble. 3 Let not mercy and truth forsake thee: bind them about thy neck; write them upon the table of thine heart: 4 So shalt thou find favour and good understanding in the sight of God and man. 1 An exhortation to obedience, 5 faith, 7 to mortification, 9 to devotion, 1 to patience. “Honor the Lord with your just toils and dedicate to him from your fruits of righteousness.” (3:9), The result from following through on the admonition set forth in the previous verse would result in blessings.
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