[1] Whether colonialism can properly be described as having had positive aspects or not, it created cultural and linguistic links across the globe and helped to create consciousness that in the end all humans occupy a single planetary home, which, if not kept healthy and sustainable, will become our common grave. Between the 19th and 20th centuries, France ruled over colonies that span about 4,980,000 sq mi. However, control was gradually reestablished by Charles de Gaulle. In the 17th and 18th centuries France gained and lost large territories in North America and India.Like the other empires of the time, was powered by slaves captured from Africa. These, together with Cambodia and Cochinchina, formed French Indochina in 1887 (to which Laos was added in 1893, and Kwang-Chou-Wan in 1900). In the mid-eighteenth century, a series of colonial conflicts began between France and Britain, which would ultimately result in the demise of most of the first French colonial empire. In the meanwhile, the newly resumed war with Britain by the French, resulted in the British capture of practically all remaining French colonies. By the late 17th century, a French colonial empire began to take shape. In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, its global colonial empire was the second largest behind the British Empire. However, control was gradually reestablished by Charles de Gaulle. The resolution of the crisis had a part in the bringing forth of the Entente Cordiale. The extensive trading network throughout the region connected to Canada through the Great Lakes, was maintained through a vast system of fortifications, many of them centered in the Illinois Country and in present-day Arkansas. French colonial empire . miles) of land at its height in the 1920s and 1930s. Although the War of the Austrian Succession was indecisive—despite French successes in India under the French Governor-General Joseph François Dupleix — the Seven Years' War, after early French successes in Minorca and North America, saw a French defeat, with the numerically superior British (over one million to about 50 thousand French settlers) conquering not only New France (excluding the small islands of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon), but also most of France's West Indian (Caribbean) colonies, and all of the French Indian outposts. The French Colonial Empire: Take One France was, for much of its history, a kingdom ruled by a king. The first Colonial Empire The first colonial empire began in 1605 and went on into the 19th century. The French colonial empire began to fall during the Second World War, when various parts were occupied by foreign powers (Japan in Indochina, Britain in Syria, Lebanon, and Madagascar, the USA and Britain in Morocco and Algeria, and Germany and Italy in Tunisia). Almost all former colonies belonged to the "French Community," before this was dissolved during the war in Algeria. Although some French traders and fishermen had ventured overseas earlier, the French colonial empire effectively began under Francis I. At this time, the French also established colonies in the South Pacific, including New Caledonia, the various island groups which make up French Polynesia (including the Society Islands, the Marquesas, the Tuamotus), and established joint control of the New Hebrides with Britain. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Some recovery of the French colonial empire was made during the French intervention in the American Revolution, with Saint Lucia being returned to France by the Treaty of Paris in 1783, but not nearly as much as had been hoped for at the time of French intervention. True disaster came to what remained of France's colonial empire in 1791 when Saint Domingue (comprised of the Western third of the Caribbean island of Hispaniola), France's richest and most important colony, was riven by a massive slave revolt, caused partly by the divisions among the island's elite, which had resulted from the French Revolution of 1789. The first King of France is reputed to be Merovech, a Frankish living in the 5th century. French is an official language in 28 countries (including other European countries, Belgium, Luxembourg and Switzerland which were not part of the French empire). No need to register, buy now! eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'newworldencyclopedia_org-medrectangle-4','ezslot_1',162,'0','0'])); The early voyages of Giovanni da Verrazzano and Jacques Cartier in the early sixteenth century, as well as the frequent voyages of French fishermen to the Grand Banks off Newfoundland throughout that century, were the precursors to the story of France's colonial expansion. In the 17th and 18th centuries France gained and lost large territories in North America and India. The conviction that Algeria was part of France was so strong that when the French colons left Algeria in 1962, "they saw themselves as political refugees fleeing from their own land, not as victims of decolonization. These were restored at the Peace of Amiens in 1802, but when war resumed in 1803, the British soon recaptured them.

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